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Home » Learn » Science Fact Sheets

Science Fact Sheets

A collection of informational science fact sheets for viewing or downloading.

GSL Fact Sheet 2020

The NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Global Systems Laboratory (GSL) does the research to provide the National Weather Service (NWS) and the public with rapidly-updating environmental models, state-of-the-art decision support tools, innovative visualization systems, and high-performance computing technology to support commerce and a weather-ready nation.

GSL Research Highlights

HRRR Fact Sheet: The High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) weather prediction system merges weather prediction science and high-performance computing technology with breakthrough techniques for using radar data and satellite data to make neighborhood-scale weather forecasts more accurate. The first version of HRRR went into NOAA NWS operations in 2016, and the final version was implemented on December 2, 2020.

HRRR Smoke Fact Sheet: The experimental High-Resolution Rapid Refresh-Smoke (HRRR-Smoke) model simulates the emissions and transport of smoke from wildfires and the impact of smoke on the weather. This is increasingly being used by NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS) and air quality agencies to alert the public of potential air quality hazards,. This model was implemented into operations on December 2, 2020.

NOAA's Science On a Sphere® uses high-speed computers, projectors, and advanced imaging techniques to create the illusion of a planet, the Sun, a moon, or any other celestial body rotating in space and to show weather and other geophysical data.

A desktop-based version of SOS®, SOS Explorer, helps bring the SOS® experience into classrooms and homes. SOS Explorer builds upon SOS exhibits with many of the same datasets, but allows users to explore the data in ways that are not possible in an exhibit setting.