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Home » Learn » Science Fact Sheets

Science Fact Sheets

A collection of informational science fact sheets for viewing or downloading.

The NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Global Systems Laboratory (GSL) does the research to provide the National Weather Service (NWS) and the public with rapidly-updating environmental models, state-of-the-art decision support tools, innovative visualization systems, and high-performance computing technology to support commerce and a weather-ready nation.

The Global Systems Laboratory (GSL), part of NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL), leads the design, development, testing, and delivery of accurate and reliable weather forecast system solutions, impacting the economy, industry, public safety, and more.

The experimental High-Resolution Rapid Refresh-Smoke (HRRR-Smoke) model simulates the emissions and transport of smoke from wildfires and the impact of smoke on the weather. This is increasingly being used by NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS) and air quality agencies to alert the public of potential air quality hazards, and is scheduled to be implemented into operations in 2020.

NOAA's Science On a Sphere® uses high-speed computers, projectors, and advanced imaging techniques to create the illusion of a planet, the Sun, a moon, or any other celestial body rotating in space and to show weather and other geophysical data.

A desktop-based version of SOS®, SOS Explorer, helps bring the SOS® experience into classrooms and homes. SOS Explorer builds upon SOS exhibits with many of the same datasets, but allows users to explore the data in ways that are not possible in an exhibit setting.

The HRRR weather prediction system merges weather prediction science and high performance computing technology with a breakthrough techniques for using radar data and satellite data to make neighborhood-scale weather forecasts more accurate.